Hypertension – high blood pressure essential facts and information

Check your blood pressure regularly
Check your blood pressure regularly

High blood pressure is very common. About 46% of Nigerians above 25 years of age have hypertension, and most of them do not know.
Blood pressure is the force of blood against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. It is determined by both the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.

What is Hypertension?
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) is defined as systolic blood pressure greater or equal to 140mmHg and diastolic blood pressure greater or equal to 90 mmHg (mmHG=millimetres of mercury).
You are diagnosed hypertensive when one or both readings are high; Systolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries as the heart pumps out blood while diastolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes and refills with blood. Continue reading “Hypertension – high blood pressure essential facts and information”

Things you should know about rabies | What is rabies?

Dogs - potential rabis transmitter?
Dogs – potential rabis transmitter?

Rabies comes from the latin word, “rabere” meaning “to rage”. It is a preventable viral disease of mammals most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. It is also referred to as “hydrophobia” in man, Lyssa le rage or Tollwut.

It is a zoonotic disease due to its transmission between man and animals.

The rabies virus infects the central nervous system, ultimately causing disease in the brain and death. It is believed to be the oldest infectious disease known to Medical science; recognized as early as 2300BC. The infectious nature of rabies is through the saliva of a rabid dog as recognised by Zinke in 1804 and then by Pasteur in 1881.

It is an acute encephalomyelitis that affects all warm-blooded wild and domestic animals and humans. It is caused by a neurotropic (negative sense single stranded) RNA virus, which belongs to the genus Lyssavirus of the family Rhabdoviridae, the Central Nervous System (Brain and spinal cord), salivary glands and saliva are the common sites the rabies viruses reside. Continue reading “Things you should know about rabies | What is rabies?”

Answers to frequently asked questions about fibroids

What is fibroid?

The Uterus
The Uterus

Tumors that grow in the uterus, the organ that houses a growing baby in women, also known as the womb.
Other names for fibroid include: uterine myoma, leiomyoma,fibromyoma.

Is fibroid a type of cancer?
No, in more than 99% of cases it is not cancerous and does not increase the chances of cancer but a few may undergo some changes and become cancerous (leiomyosarcoma), however, this is rare.

How common is fibroid?
Very common especially among Nigerian women.
Most commonly seen tumor of the female reproductive system.
More than 80% of women over 25 years have fibroid even if it is as small as a seed. Continue reading “Answers to frequently asked questions about fibroids”