6 simple home remedies amazing mums use to bring down fever in children
What is a fever?
Fever is the body’s natural response to infection. Fever is an indication that the immune system is working to fight an infection.
What are the causes of fever?
There are several causes of fever. Few include;
Bacterial infections e.g meningitis, Pneumonia
Viral infections e.g haemophilus influenzae infection
Cancers eg lymphomas, leukaemias
Some vaccines, such as the diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DTP) or pneumococcal vaccine.
How do you know if your child has fever?
Normal body temperature varies from person to person and throughout the day. Normal body temperature is highest in children who are preschool aged. It is lower in the morning and higher in the late afternoon and evening. Normal body temperature taken at the axilla (armpit) varies between 36.5 – 37.5C.
Simple ways to reduce fever at home
1. Rehydration; Fever causes dehydration, and dehydration further worsens fever. It is essential to give your child lots of fluid to prevent dehydration.
2. Remove excess or warm clothing; Excess clothing traps heat and prolongs fever.
3. Lower the room temperature; High temperatures can make a fever last longer and cause excessive sweating that can lead to dehydration. The room temperature should ideally be 22.7 – 25C. If the room is hot or stuffy, a fan may help.
4. Ensure your child gets enough rest; Getting enough rest helps the body heal faster and strengthens the immune system.
5. Tepid sponge your child; This done by soaking a small to medium sized towel in lukewarm water and dabbing all over your child’s body. This stimulates sweat that keeps the body cool and improves circulation of blood.
6. Shower with lukewarm; It is best to avoid cold or warm water as cold water causes shivering while warm water worsens the fever.
When to seek medical care for your child?
Sometimes fever fails to resolve inspire of the above remedies. A guideline of when to seek help include;
• When your child is less than 3 months, with temperature >38C
• When you notice difficulty in breathing
• When the fever fails to reduce after 48 hours
• When your child is dehydrated or cannot eat
• When there is neck stiffness, irritability, sensitivity to light
• When your child’s body temperature is >38.5C